Many people today suffer from respiratory problems and most of them stem from the rising levels of pollution and such allergens. Even children who are very young suffer from such problems. There are thus a whole gamut of diseases and related treatments. Many of those who are patients need to be put on constant monitoring and medication is often a daily part of their lives. The best thing however with such problems is that once diagnosed correctly, they can be controlled and attacks can be largely prevented.
One of the most common terms that people hear when it comes to respiratory illness is the term COPD. What is COPD? It is basically an umbrella term that includes a whole range of progressive lung diseases and when expanded it can be read as Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. The diseases it covers are chronic bronchitis, emphysema, non-reversible asthma and bronchiectasis. Patients suffer from coughing and breathlessness and the worst thing is that it takes years for visible symptoms to really appear. Tests like the spirometry test really help in diagnosing such problems. It is important to diagnose COPD early before losing valuable lung function. It can be caused by exposure to chemicals, smoking and even second hand smoke. It is also genetically transferred. Proper diagnosis and treatment are key to controlling the disease and keeping lung function at an optimum.
Asthma is a part of what is known as Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. Asthma has a number of triggers which include allergens like dust, pollen, mould; irritants like smoke, chemical fumes and air pollution; in some cases medication; extreme weather; stress and even excess exercise. The first and principle asthma cure is avoiding these triggers as much as possible. Drug therapies are also important. There are two major types of medication used in asthma. Quick relief medicines that are used in the time of an attack and long term medications that help in preserving the health of the lungs.
An asthma specialist looks into a number of factors prior to treatment. The first is testing the lung function of the patient. This will determine the treatment protocol to be followed. The next step is to ideally take a look at the triggers and educate the patient about avoiding them. Immunotherapy shots can also be used. Then the patient is usually prescribed with long term therapy that is usually a series of medicines including inhaled corticosteroids. In case of emergencies, bronchodilators are also prescribed. Although it cannot be cured fully, proper treatment from an asthma specialist and preventive medication can go a long way towards allowing the patient to lead a relatively stable life.