Respiratory ailments are the most common diseases in the world today and are mainly caused by an exposure to pollutants, irritants and allergens. It is young children who are especially vulnerable since they are very sensitive and are thus easily affected. The worst thing about such illnesses is that the lung function is usually irrevocable affected before the disease is diagnosed. Often this causes permanent damage and the only treatment offered can prevent further damage at best.
There are a large number of respiratory problems present in the world today. Some of them like those stemming from the common cold etc. are what are known as minor illnesses. And some others like pneumonia are major ailments which can even be life threatening. These issues can affect the upper respiratory system, that is the nose, the sinuses, the mouth or the lungs in particular the lower bronchial tubes. If the problem gains severity it can even affect the functioning of the lungs and cause a reduction in lung capacity. Respiratory problems are characterised by a stuffy nose, sore throat, coughing, pain or pressure in the face, laryngitis and in the case of severe infections can very high fever. In some cases when the lungs and the bronchial tubes are affected, it can be a very serious ailment. It is only proper diagnosis and treatment that can keep the disease from escalating.
An inflammatory disease of the lungs, causing shortness of breath, breathlessness and tightness in the chest is bronchial asthma or just asthma. It is a chronic ailment that can only be controlled through medicine although it cannot be fully cured. The inflammation causes constriction in the airways making breathing very difficult and a specialist doctor usually recommends a broncho-dilator for immediate relief. This disease requires two kinds of medications— long term medicines help keep the disease in control consisting of inhalers and nasal sprays and emergency medicines which are used at a critical time in the form of broncho-dilators. In the treatment of this disease one of the most important things is to identify the triggers and keep them at bay, which can range from dust, allergens such as pet dander and pollen to intense emotions or stress. Along with these, medical health professionals usually recommend a range of medical and non-medical measures that can help keep the effects of the disease at bay.
Another respiratory problem that is on the rise is allergic cough. The natural defence mechanism of the body reacts through cough when the natural lining on the inside of the nose, throat, voice box or lungs is affected. There are two kinds of cough, one caused by infection and the other is the allergic cough. There are many things that cause this kind of cough like dust mites, pollen dust, chemical fumes and other pollutants, smoke and even some kinds of food. Rather than treating a cough, the best method is to prevent it by reducing exposure to allergens. This can be done by keeping the home and work environment as free of dust as possible. It is also important to eat home cooked food since restaurant food contains additives. Simple measures like this this can help mitigate the impact of an allergic cough with ease.